Michael's Dispatches24 Comments
- Published: Wednesday, 15 July 2009 12:55
Sangow Bar Village
Some Notes and Photos
16 July 2009
Ghor Province, Afghanistan
On a per capita basis, Afghanistan is becoming more dangerous for British and American troops than Iraq ever was. For those who fought in places like Anbar, Basra, Baghdad, Diyala and Nineveh, that’s saying a whole lot. On a per capita basis, there are strong indications that Afghanistan will prove more deadly than Iraq during 2006-2007. One can only imagine how many days and nights Secretary Robert Gates and his advisors must have agonized over troop levels here. On the one hand, we have a fraction of the troops we need, but on the other, increasing troop levels increases hostility toward us. Secretary Gates has made it clear to me that his biggest concern is that we will lose the goodwill of the people and they will turn against us. This happens to be my own biggest concern. The agony is in knowing we need more medicine and the medicine can be highly toxic here. Many people have complained that the new restrictions on air strikes will hurt us, but from my boots, General McChrystal (the new boss here) has fulfilled the intent of his boss, and that the decision, though tough, was wise; if we lose the widespread assent of the Afghan people, it’s all over but for the bleeding.
Today our chances are not good, but there remains a real chance to succeed. Those chances improve dramatically when we take a no-kidding inventory of the situation and refine our goals to align with reality.While war ravages neighboring narco-provinces, sluggish progress is being made in others. Here in Ghor Province, the Japanese, Lithuanians, and a host of other nations have teamed up in this remote area of Afghanistan.
Please click the image above for a larger view.
So one morning the Lithuanians loaded up a patrol and headed out West, in the direction of Herat, and took along four Japanese who are involved in the oversight of spending $2 billion of Japanese money in Afghanistan. Both the Japanese and the Lithuanians exude a sense of purpose; everybody seems to wish they were elsewhere but the mission is important.
We started from the Chaghcharan Provincial “Re”construction Team (PRT); the first step in revealing truth with no mercy about Afghanistan is to call things what they are. There is not a single “Reconstruction” team in Afghanistan. The place was never constructed. Just why the faulty name “reconstruction” was picked is unclear, though it would be fair to guess that political expedience is the culprit. Peoples of developed nations might be more likely to “re” build something they are made to believe they destroyed. The governments can call these PRTs, but henceforth this writer will call them Provincial Construction Teams, or PCTs.
So we loaded up the trucks and headed out West from the PCT. Some readers might recall the last dispatch, wherein we accidentally found Lizard Hole (Karbasha) Village up in the mountains while searching for Kuchi nomads. Today we were heading to Sangow Bar Village. The satellite imagery shows no paved roads because the closest, the “ring road,” is about 175 miles away if you are flying, and much farther if you are on a camel or driving. And so it might seem that we are in the middle of nowhere because by most developed standards we are. If visitors from other galaxies land in this largely Stone-Age place, they can expect to be greeted by small-arms fire and RPGs. Though various star-watching peoples are known to have lived here for many thousands of years (including Buddhists, Jews, and invaders of all sorts), there were not a lot of road builders.
Please click the image above for a larger view.
It’s worth a moment of silent reflection to look at the image above and ponder this: though the area appears extremely desolate and remote, there is hardly a fold or wrinkle in the land where you can walk or drive that you will not run across someone. There are areas where few people venture, such as the “Desert of Death” down south, but it seems that as a rule Afghans diffuse into the available volume as if they have a partial pressure. Independence is a key personality trait; if they had a meter of road for every meter of wall they build, the major communities likely all would be connected. Out in the boonies, just when you think you are at the end of the world and nobody could possibly be there, you find a shepherd, or some bearded guy cutting grass with a daas (a long crescent-shaped knife) for his livestock. The people pick over this arid land like ants. Afghan life in the hinterlands is like an eternal camping trip. By their calendar, the year is 1387, but it seems like it could be thousands of years earlier. Young American soldiers who served in Iraq learned about our own country. Often, soldiers would say things like, “Why can’t the Iraqis just get along? They keep themselves down, dragging fights around forever. They fight over stupidness!” Nobody had to fill in the blanks. The reflection was healthy for us.
We rolled into the village of Sangow Bar and were greeted with quiet acceptance. Ghor Province is touted as being poppy-free, and indeed it’s nothing like the rolling hills of Urozgan, the fields of Kandahar, or the mega-producers in Helmand, where I’ve seen miles of poppy growing along the roads and just near bases. This tiny patch, about the size of a walk-in closet, was for personal use.
The village of Sangow Bar was dark. It had no electricity until 2006 when Lithuanians invested about $40,000 to build this micro-hydro generator with the idea of watching the village to see if true improvement was made. Today, Sangow Bar has plenty of electricity and the people have lights and satellite television, yet despite that opportunity, nobody seems to watch Oprah. The old saying, “You can lead a horse to water but you can’t make it watch Oprah,” is an unfortunate reality in many parts of Afghanistan.
Please click the image above for a larger view.
Today, Sangow Bar has surplus electricity, so a Japanese asked why the power lines did not cross the river to the dwellings on the other side. The village headman said the people on the other side of the Hari River had refused to help build the micro-hydro, so today they get no juice. The Lithuanians have determined that the project was a success, and the project appeared to be a success to the Japanese and to me.
With this success in mind, the Lithuanians together with Iceland decided to build thirty more hydro-generation stations. Now, if we look at this in context of the broader picture, thirty, three hundred, or even three thousand might seem like an irrelevant number. But it’s not.
During my eight trips to Nepal, and my training with Ghurkas in Borneo who had served in Afghanistan, the Ghurkas have educated me in “Gobar Gas,” and they wonder why Afghans do not use Gobar Gas. Gobar Gas is a simple, cheap, and very ecologically friendly way to collect methane from human and animal waste, and that methane is then used for heating, lighting, and cooking. The system improves sanitation, and the by-products make great fertilizer. And so one Ghurka soldier who had served in Afghanistan insisted that I learn the five virtues of Gobar Gas, and that I be able to name them offhand.
Gobar Gas systems cost only a couple hundred bucks each, and any villager can operate and repair the system. Today I see Gobar Gas all over Nepal, but the older Ghurka soldiers will say that when they were kids, Gobar Gas was practically nonexistent in Nepal. But some far-thinking Westerners came in and installed some systems here and there, and the Nepalese people saw the incredible value, then ran with it. If you go trekking into the villages in Nepal, you might ask villagers to see their Gobar Gas system, and before you know it you’ll have the grand tour because they are quite proud of these excellent little contraptions. And it started with seeds.
And so the Lithuanians and their thirty generators will likely spark more than a few light bulbs. We and our allies cannot construct Afghanistan, but we certainly can nudge this caravan in a better direction.
Americans implored the Japanese to get more serious about Afghanistan, but it was the Lithuanians who actually petitioned the Japanese to come out here to Ghor Province. The match is working well; the Lithuanians provide support, such as security and some investment, but when it comes to capital, the Japanese have the big guns.
Hisako Ishizaki is a First Secretary from the Japanese Embassy. She has worked, studied and traveled around the world, including in Mindanao in the Philippines, where I just left. While Hisako stayed involved in the discussions about the hydro-plant, she wasted no time in sitting down and teaching this child to write a few characters.
Ambassador in UN Affairs, Shigeyuki Hiroki, is the key man when it comes to the investment of the $2 billion Japan has so far pledged. Mr. Hiroki told me that $1.8 billion is already invested, and that the final $200 million is not the end of the road here for Japan. Ambassador Hiroki told me that Japan would be involved for 10, 20 or 30 years. Mr. Hiroki has been one of the most realistic officials I’ve spoken with from any country, though the Lithuanian Commander of the Provincial Construction Team, Colonel Alvydas Siuparis, also is under no illusions. Nor are Secretary Gates or General Petraeus under any illusions and they speak frankly. It would seem that our greatest asset today is the small but strong and growing nucleus of people who understand the magnitude of the problems, but still believe in the endeavor.
That said, the Japanese time frame is more realistic than I hear coming from most American, British, or other officials.
The Japanese who have landed out here have enormous collective global experience. Hisako, for instance, speaks Dari fluently after having lived in Iran. She studied in Costa Rica, the Philippines, and has traveled extensively from Tajikistan to the United States. This is true of the entire Japanese team, including Chihiro Imai who has worked and traveled extensively in the most bizarre corners of Africa and South America, visiting about twenty-five countries. Hisako and Chihiro have both been to India, and both women laughed when I said that I go to war to take a vacation from India.
Unfortunately, the deteriorating security situation is causing the Japanese to dramatically cut their staff in Afghanistan. It would seem that U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates agrees that Japan is cutting back right when we need them most, though he has publicly praised the Japanese commitment and urged them to stay involved. It is important that the Japanese stay heavily involved and not decrease but redouble their efforts.
Unfortunately, these kids had already been taught the benefits of begging and this analogy extends directly to their parents. In Afghanistan, like Iraq, when we invest resources into installing a diesel generator for a neighborhood, the people will complain that we don’t supply the fuel. When the Indians paid for local broadcasting equipment in Chaghcharan, the station manager complained that the Indians didn’t make a new office, and there is often a tone that we need something or “give us or we will misbehave.”
“Trick or Treat” was a common theme in Iraq and is so here, too. Many children in Chaghcharan beg, but unlike the kids in this village of Sangow Bar, kids in Chaghcharan often throw stones at the vehicles if the soldiers refuse to play Santa Claus. Many of the Lithuanian vehicles have spider-webbed windows and windshields.
There was a time when some Iraqis began to revel in the attention, and they seemed to lose context that one day the war would end—for us anyway—and that attention would evaporate. One sees the same in Afghanistan. Prosperous nations are trying to psychoanalyze Afghan behavior, and some Afghans revel in this newfound influence, but what many apparently do not understand is that this storm is apt to end as quickly as it began. For this very reason, many Iraqis are filled with nervous anxiety that the Americans are packing out. Influence at local levels in Iraq had diminished precipitously by 2008, and it’s only a matter of time until local mayors and governors in Iraq have no open line to American upper echelons. Business will be conducted at national level. Gone are the days when the mayors of small cities like Tal Afar could get the attention of Generals and even the President of the United States. The world is big, and there are tens of thousands of “Tal Afars” out there. The curtain opened and now it’s closed in most of Iraq.
Interestingly, Iraqi contractors are following the money and popping up in Afghanistan.
Other Afghans are more circumspect, seeing themselves in larger context, realizing that aid can be a fickle blessing and is not an obligation, and that we all know we owe nothing to Afghanistan. We are not paying off a debt and there are other ways for us to protect our self-interests. Many NATO partners, and other partners with big pockets, are here for larger political considerations that have little to do with Afghanistan per se.
Dr. Yaqubi, Director of Ghor Provincial Hospital, has a clearer perspective of the situation, and in fact returned earlier this year from a conference in India. Dr. Yaqubi said his hospital goes six months out of every year with no running water, and when he does have water, it’s unfiltered and unpurified. The cleaning men fetch water from the Hari River during six months of the year, but in the summer they have a reservoir, and get water from the nearby girls’ school, whose own director is upset that the hospital uses their water. (A bright spot in Chaghcharan is that the locals want girls to go to school, and many children are learning English.) During the wet times, the hospital floods, causing the septic system to overflow.
The hospital has ten General Practitioners, three specialists, an anesthetist nurse, two X-Ray machines—one of which works—and an ultrasound machine. They have no female doctors and the male doctors are not allowed to deliver babies other than by Cesarean. During delivery, women are on their own with the midwives, and the male doctors are not permitted to treat “female problems.”
Dr. Yaqubi said he did eight Cesareans in last three months with no complications, and that during the last 90 surgeries had only two deaths, and that complications usually occur because people wait too long to seek treatment. The average post-op stay is four days.
No NGOs offer assistance at the hospital, according to Dr. Yaqubi. There is room for 85 patients, and the Lithuanians donated two tents, adding twelve more beds, but those tents are used for storage. I sat on one of the beds and tried to imagine being a patient here. There is no exaggeration in saying that Americans probably had better medical care during the time of our Civil War. The dusty hospital with its buzzing flies is a living museum of unplanned misery, and I heard the cries of babies wafting through nearby open windows. Bedraggled women sat with pitiful-looking children, waiting on steps into the hospital. Dr. Yaqubi said that if there were two shipping containers for storage, the tents would offer a dozen more beds.
Dr. Yaqubi wants to show people that health care is not free, but he says that the parliament in Kabul thinks it should free to all. The Afghan government can’t even drill a well for this provincial hospital, and all their machines and supplies were probably donated, yet they want “free” healthcare. The beggars of Kabul who refuse to drill a well for the Ghor Provincial Hospital want free health care for all!
I told Dr. Yaqubi that the same argument is raging in America, and I asked the Lithuanian doctor sitting beside me if this is an issue in Lithuania. She confirmed that it is. Dr. Yaqubi said that if treatment is completely free, the hospital would be overwhelmed. With about 750,000 people in Ghor Province, they’ve got 85 dirty beds here, and two smaller clinics elsewhere. Free health care? How about steady electricity to run the X-ray machine?
During winter, most patients cannot journey to the hospital no matter what the case. If a baby is burned during a cooking accident, there is no chance to make it to the cold hospital. If people become too sick they just die and are buried in the icy ground next to the village. Five years ago, Dr. Yaqubi recounted spending five months in the remote district of his birth, administering aid to the people stranded by the snows. He conducted more than 150 surgeries, including ten Cesareans, saying that was the first time the locals ever saw such a thing. Usually the women just die if there are any complications, and he said nine women died that winter. “The woman thinks she is going to die, so she does,” he said.
According to their calendar, the year is 1387, and New Year’s Day this year was 21 March. During the year 1386, the main hospital raised the equivalent of $8,447 in fees from patients, according to Dr. Yaqubi.
Every village has a Mullah. The less primitive Mullahs realize that modern medicine—more or less—can actually work, while other Mullahs, through ignorance or power-wielding, claim monopoly on healing rights, and forbid or discourage people from seeing doctors.
Let’s grab a napkin and do some coffee table math. According to the CIA World Factbook estimate, the population of Afghanistan, as of July 2009, is 33,609,937. Just how the CIA arrives at such a precise number but can’t find in Iraq the WMD that certainly existed at one time, must leave the math-whizzes rolling on the floor. For the sake of humoring the CIA, let’s round to the more napkin-friendly number of 34 million. The CIA World “Guessbook” opines that about 24% of the people are urbanized. This leaves 76% in the sticks. Sticks and mountains. And deserts. So that’s about 26 million people in the boonies. Afghanistan is geographically slightly smaller than Texas, the people are 99% Muslim, and the place is home to some of the most forbidding mountains in the world. Deep Appalachia has nothing on Afghanistan.
There is no estimate for the average size of Afghan villages in the CIA Guessbook. My big guess from seeing villages in various provinces and many districts is the average community probably consists of less than a hundred people. Former USMC officer Tim Lynch has lived here more than four years, and estimates the average village might have sixty people. For the sake of coffee table math, let’s say the villages in micro-communities are home to some 26 million, and have about 100 people each. That would leave 260,000 villages, plus the 8 million people who live in cities and towns.
Those 260,000 villages are spread out in some of the wildest country you can dream of. Now imagine putting one schoolroom and one teacher in every village to teach all kids through all ages. According to the Guessbook, about 28% of the people are “literate”; that’s about 43% of the men and 13% of the women. The hand that rocks the cradle can’t read, and the fact is that the Guessbook has no idea how many people can read because in all the years of war, most villages are never visited.
And so, it’s not a far stretch to say this is a girl without a future as we know it.
It’s too late for most kids who are already born. Outside the cities and towns, most will never learn to read.
The world behaves cruelly and precipitously. If this girl gets sick during the winter, likely she will be out of luck. The hospital is too far.
The girls in many villages wear the same color lipstick, which they slather on with abandon.
When Shigeyuki Hiroki, Japanese Ambassador in UN Affairs, walks through villages inspecting projects, it’s doubtful that anyone around understands the gravity of his recommendations on how to spend that $2 billion. Unfortunately, due to the increasing violence, the Japanese are thinning their staff in Afghanistan. The Afghans must realize that they are facing competition for Japanese assistance. Other places, such as Cambodia, are not dangerous for Japanese aid workers.
Lithuania and the U.S. teamed up to build a training center in Chaghcharan, which a local authority then tried to take as his residence.
These children likely will learn to read because they live in Chaghcharan. In fact, I think this girl was in a nearby school I visited. The Lithuanians, Croatians, Ukrainians and others have been helping with schools and supplies. Many of the kids in Chaghcharan are learning to speak English.
There are still legacy mines near the airstrip next to the PCT, and just a few days ago a mine was found and detonated just a meter off of the main road into the camp. Wounds from legacy mines here are relatively uncommon, though. Dr. Yaqubi said that only about one person per month steps on one.
Despite the remoteness of Ghor, the Lithuanian, Croatian and Ukrainian soldiers seem to take pride and joy in their work. The journey is long, but progress in this little patch of Afghanistan is obvious.
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This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoAnother great dispatch. Thanks for the read. Stay safe and keep them coming and I'll keep reading em.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoOne of your best dispatches ever, Michael. A coherent and comprehensive coverage of local issues: education, medical care, NGO programs and attitudes. Plus an astute and understandable analysis of the overall picture of Afganistan hinterlands issues. Plus good insight into other countries' involvement (which we seldom see elsewhere). And enlivened by your always excellent photography. Kudos.
I'll be sure to forward this to my friends (with recommendations to contribute, of course).
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoAny idea what kind of rifle the Lithuanian is carrying in the final picture? And kudos to the group there. Sounds like they are doing an amazing job. Thanks Michael!
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoThe Thunder Run has linked to this post in the blog post From the Front: 07/16/2009 News and Personal dispatches from the front and the home front.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoIt looks like a G36, or some such variant there of~
Always a good read Michael - stay safe.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agolooks like a G36 variant. maybe a G36V with other modifications
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years ago...you would be above the fold on a lot of newspapers and would also win a Pulitzer for some of those photos. Michael, you are a true professional journalist, in a career field that is fast becoming a joke. But I have no doubt you will succeed personally, and enlighten as well -- you're that good. Just made a recurring donation and would urge others to do so too. We can bitch and moan all we want about the Mainstream Media but here is where the rubber hits the road. Walk the talk and support this guy!
May the road rise up to meet you, sir...
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoStay safe and keep up the great work.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoI'm all for stopping Isalamicists, but I really hate the fact that we are in this desolate wasteland.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoGreat dispatch Michael, great photos, as usual.
Heh. The "trick or treat" aspect reminded me of bears. Heck, depending on how it's done, I repeat, depending on how it's done, some bears are better about getting handed food.
My take on "free" health care is no, Americans don't want it to be free. I think most people want health care they can afford and can actually have access to.
Right now, the semi-pure capitalist approach has kept many people away from medical insurance that actually pays for medical care.
The Insurance Industry *could* have accrued goodwill for themselves had they been less greedy (unfettered greed, or hunger for more, is not a virtue in any system of self-interest, socialism included), and more potential customers would be firmly in their corner, helping to keep medical care a capitalist venture. But they didn't. So now, people like me see Insurance as the enemy.
Because Insurance treats me, and millions like me, like our money isn't green enough.
I am barred from purchasing medical insurance because of a pre-existing condition, and by the prohibitive cost. I have also recently heard the claim that because long ago The Eveel Government tied access to medical insurance only through employers. Well, ok, so when Insurance noticed matters worsening, long before anyone outside of the industry would or could, why didn't they innovate? Lobby for changes that even secondarily would benefit their customer and potential customers?
So while it is easy to brush aside people like me as an unimportant minority, that, too, comes with a price.
It drives me into the arms of the socialists. I am still waiting for capitalists to notice.
So far, Congressman John Shadegg is the only elected capitalist who seems to be trying to come up with a reasonable blend of pure greed-focused capitalism medical care (which never factors in humanitarianism in the budget), and pure power-focused socialism medical care (which is the Borg).
Until Afghanistan stops treating half its population as unimportant to their future, of course I mean women, then it chooses to stay a sticks and stones place.
Please, pass along our heart-felt gratitude to the Japanese, Lithuanians and the others who are trying to help.
Too bad some of those villagers (men AND women) can't get a field trip into modern civilization. Just for a few days. Just sayin'...
You are in my prayers, as always. Our Troops, Our Allied Soldiers, are always on my mind and in my heart. Please, make sure they know.
Watch your 6.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoThis article points out the desperateness of of the situation in Afghanistan. The Japanese prediction of a 30 year plus presence rules out any "quick fix" solution and imperils the U.S. strategy and support. Political pressure will force the abandonment of Afghanistan just as it has in Vietnam and Iraq. No palatable solution is available.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoOur primary goals are to prevent Al Qaeda from reconstituting in Afghanistan and preventing the establishment of terrorist training camps there. We should be acquiring and training intel cells among the population. Maybe the classic man cells to prevent rollup. Once we depart, these cells can keep us informed. Meanwhile the taliban/tribes will revert to what they have been doing for centuries...fight amongst each other for territory and power.... and the natural order of things is restored.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoThank you, Michael:
Your insight is enlightening. I hope that policy makers and leadership are aware of your work. I talked with Robert Leeson personally yesterday after reading one of Bouhammer's blogs in which he suggested watching his documentary "At War". He is trying to get a distribution deal for the movie, and I hope it's soon. People like you and Robert are so important right now, and of course, I support and will continue to support your missions.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoI only wish Walter Cronkite got to see excellence in journalism resurrected in you, Mr. Yon. Outstanding. "Moment of Truth" is emerging as "Age of Truth" just in time for a country that once enjoyed your caliber of journalism in the mainstream media. I'll get on your recurring "donation" list and cancel the rag that used to be dropped in my driveway.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoMichael your work is excellent and I look forward to the reporting, photo's, and insights.
What I'm having a hard time understanding is why in the heck are we wasting lives & money
in this God forsaken land?
The Afghan's need some tough love. Knock off the tribal BS, infighting, and step up or pretty soon
everyone is going home except the Taliban.
The West simply does not have the will power or fortitude necessary to conduct a long term conflict over
a miserable dust bin.
For 2,000 years or more no one has been able to conquer or control this truly nasty place and my money
is on another 2,000 years.
When you're wounded and left on Afghanistan's plains,
And the women come out to cut what remains,
Jes roll to your rifle and blow out your brains
An' go to your Gawd like a soldier.
From Kipling's poem The Young British Soldier
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years ago"I only wish Walter Cronkite got to see excellence in journalism resurrected in you, Mr. Yon. Outstanding."
I second the sentiment that Michael Yon is one of the few outstanding journalists left in the USA, but Cronkite excellent? His leftist propaganda out of Vietnam lost the support of naive Americans who at the time believed in the honesty of the MSM. The legacy of Cronkite is a generation of journalistic boobs who confidently predicted defeat in Iraq on ABC, CBS, NBC, CNN, Fox et al.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoHopefully Mr. Yon will never be a Walter Kronkite or Dan Rather in his reporting. Instead of welcoming journalists, I use the term loosely, in our ranks in Viet Nam we should have shot them.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoI recently changed my donations to Michael, from an occasional 20 bucks to $25 a quarter. A little while later, I asked myself, "Should I have done that? Money is getting tight, and we have a lot of expenses. Can I afford this?"
All it takes is for me to read a new post and the answer becomes obvious: I can't afford not to support what Michael does. I am a former journalist, and this is some of the most compelling reportage I've ever seen.
So all you who are reading Michael, suck it up! Support this noble effort.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoIf we do not learn from history, we are doomed....
Afghans only come together against a foreign power on their soil. Absent that, they fight one another.
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoHey,hey,hey!! areyou reading this or not??? Can't you stop shooting yourselves in the foot??!! Yes,you can Yankee doodle dandy. Simply stop empowering Islamic apologists and practitioners in Afghanistan and instead empower only those Afghans for whom freedom and democracy,peace,and a little prosperity are much more important than Islam or bowing to Arabs,pakis or Iranians or other Islamic fascists.There are lots of Afghans in the country right now who prefer peace and prosperity over religion or tribalism and if these who without any power now ,are empowered,we will definitely begin to see progress and the US and NATO will be able to proclaim success.Please try this proposal,you wont be sorry.Here is how to do it.1-bring educated afghans from inside and outside the country and give them power and responsibilities including power of implemintation and enforcement;exclude any one who was educated in Arab countries,Iran,pakistan or anyone who is known to be an islamic apologist. 2- disempower all religious groups,families,and those connected to Arabs,pakis,iranians,opium trade,or those who are well known to be corrupt,local people know these thugs.When this is done,i assure you success is guaranteed as these newly empowered afghans will take care of the rest.If you need more help,contact me right here.Please,lets not make our sacrifices go down the drain,i just don't believe this is what any of you want to see happen.come on,give me a break,don't tell me you can't do it!!!
This commment is unpublished.· 10 years agoA wonderful article that shows how nations separated by culture, religion and geography has something greater in common..."Compassion and willingness to help one another"... Unfortunately, the world is too busy with their personal gains.
A very insightful article showing the efforts and cooperation of the governments of Lithuania, Afghanistan, Japan and the United States. Great Pictures Michael, keep it up ... =) ... May this serve as an eye opener and motivation to people whom can and want to make a difference in the future.
Well done TEAM!!
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